Zevlův Mlýn

History of the mill

Aug 11, 1359

A document written in Příběnice confirms that Vítek of Landštejn sold his estate Nové Hrady with the town, mills, rivers, streams and other listed accessories to brothers Petr, Jošt, Oldřich and Jan.

1379

In the land register of the Rosenberg goods, 3 non-specific mills are mentioned. The first pays 30 groschen per year (probably Nedertálský), the second mill 16 groschen (probably Bruzlowský) and the third pays 7 groschen (probably the current Zevlův), because he is in charge of the weir maintenance.

1390 – 1391

The Purkrab accounts of the Novohradský estate state the costs of caring for a pond called Forstmyl (today’s Zevlův rybník), probably named after a nearby mill. At this mill, the miller was Nicholas (Michael’s Latin). Zevl’s pond was formerly also called Forst Teich (Forest Pond), before the current name began to be used at the beginning of the 20th century.

1425

Nové Hrady burned down by the Hussites: The whole town, including the castle, burned down. Due to the fact that the mill is located approx. 1 km from the city, so it is uncertain whether the mill was burned.

April 17, 1530

A letter from this period is written, written by a servant Baltazar to John III of Rožmberk regarding the sewer leading from the Fostmühle pond to the mill wheels. The letter concerns the right to fish in this stock.

“Highly noble, Mr. Merciful. I always show my service to the subjects of your grace first. Philip the miller under the New Castle asked me to give you, at your mercy, a message about the sewage which, from Forstmile to the mill wheels, the merciful lord was forbidden under Mr. Henry’s glorious memory, not to hunt in it, that it would be hunting and I gave the first message about it by your grace. Here ye have commanded it, when he hath turned it down, and will fix it, that I may be there, and behold how many fish there shall be; so I have commanded your grace. Certainly I did not see more fish than about three whites and rakuov around two or a half kicks, so I spoke to Mr. Pocznar because another is holding the streams to the castle. If he wanted to turn the benefits of the sewer as well, he said it didn’t matter what it had been since ancient times,that it may be as it is then that the ancestors of the headed Philip the Miller used the sewers outside without hindrance and that outside did not cost me much more than that he could freely have it, so that he would not be excused and fined by your grace for it humbly asks you to keep them, Your Grace, in keeping them, and it is in the freedom that they were first released. Date at Nový Hrad on the Monday after the feast of the glorious Resurrection of God in the summer of 1530. Balthazar “Date at Nový Hrad on the Monday after the feast of the glorious Resurrection of God in the summer of 1530. Balthazar “Date at Nový Hrad on the Monday after the feast of the glorious Resurrection of God in the summer of 1530. Balthazar “

1553

The list of permanent salaries and income from the Novohrad estate includes a list of mills belonging to the Rosenbergs. The others were in “private possession”. The first of the two mills was Nedertálský with five wheels in the Valley near Nové Hrady and the Bruzlovský (later Hofmuhle) types, repaired for two wheels, which were taken care of by the master miller from the Nedertálský mill.

– As early as the 15th century, interest millers began to appear, who were freed from robots but had to pay a fixed annual interest to the original owner.

1590

A list of private mills on the Novohrad estate was written.

– The inventory was made within the framework of economic reforms, which were enforced on all estates belonging to the Rožmberks by Jakub Krčín from Jelčany. Bártlovský mlýn is listed in the list as the first lying on the Jedlice stream (today Veveřský and Novohradský streams) and with three flour wheels. The mill ground for three rounds until the end of the 19th century, when it was rebuilt into an artistic composition and 3 rounds were replaced by one with a diameter of 5 m.

1596

The town received privileges from Petr Vok of Rožmberk and included a permit to purchase the Bártlowský mill (today’s Zevlův mlýn). ” The current mill of the word Bartlowska below the town lying to the village could be bought and they could turn it for the benefit of the municipal “. The mill was bought by the nobility for 500 Meissen groschen and further sold to the city. The mill had three water wheels at that time. Since then called Městský Mlýn (Burgermuhle).

The economic administrators of the mill are known from the accounts of the town of Nové Hrady, probably selected from the town council:

1595 – 1596 – Hans Reinisch a Georg Pfeilschmied
1597 – 1598 – Frans Hoffers a Karl Weiland
1598 – 1599 – Hans Reinisch a Georg Pfeilschmied
1599 – Mates Heher a Karl Glasser
1599 – 1601 – Blažek Pletzer a Simon Dobl
1601 – 1602 – Viktorin Pachner a Sebastian Schlierkehr
1602 – 1603 – Karl Weilander a Pavel Sperrer
1605 – 1607 – Mates Heher a Vencl Diermagen

1598

This year, the mill was rebuilt by the city. The city paid 201 Meissen groschen for the reconstruction and another 197 groschen for the equipment of the mill. The annual yield of the mill at that time was 150 to 400 groschen a year. The source of income at that time was not only the operation of the mill, but also the hammer plant, sawmill and nurseries.

– The miller was obliged to breed two municipal bulls

1623

Countess Marie Magdalena Buquoy confirms the old privileges for the town of Nové Hrady and also allows the Bártlovský mill to remain municipal.

1753

It was decided by the Nové Hrady City Council to lease the mill and other city properties (brewery, two city yards, ponds, pastures and meadows). The contract was set for 6 years and the rent was 2400 gold.

1757

During the validity of the first contract, the mill was still leased by an emphyteutic contract to Jan Zaby and his wife Maria née Schonauer.

Oct 16, 1765

The lease agreement was extended and the inventory of property was compiled.

1814

Vincenc Zaby

1820

The yard, which was previously used by a miller, was leased separately to Jan Mík and an inventory of property was made.

1828

Owners Václav and František Pešek

1835

Jakub and Marie are buying a mill for Selb. Jakub Selba He came from Soběslav, he married Maria Pastiňáková from Frauenberg. On 1.8. In 1835, they bought a mill from the Pešek family, including a yard, a sawmill and adjacent land, for 6,400 gold coins.

June 7, 1850

At five in the morning, a fire broke out in the mill and much of the mill was damaged.

1851

The miller is no longer obliged to provide benefits in kind to the local city school and instead pays 16 gold and 40 tailors

1858

The price of the mill, including the yard, sawmill and adjacent land, is estimated at 20,775 gold and 30 tailors of Austrian currency

July 30, 1858

The Nové Hrady District Office permits the construction of a new sawmill and groin crushing steps and was built next to the mill. The sawmill operated until 1948 and was demolished in the 1970s. Today’s brick building, which functions as a museum and is located on the site of a former sawmill, was built according to the dimensions of the former sawmill.

December 17, 1858

Josef and Marie Selb take a loan of 840 gold Austrian currency from the Supreme Borrowing Bank’s cash register of the Novohrad estate.

1860

Martin Zevl marries 16-year-old Josefa Selbová, the daughter of the owners of the mill.

1864

The owners of the mill are Václav Fechter and Marie née Selbová.

July 14, 1865

Václav Zevl asserts an execution claim against the mill and yard in the amount of 19,500 gold coins and becomes the owner of the mill.

1867

The mill is taken over by Václav Zevl’s son Martin Zevl and his wife Maria roz. Selbovou.

1893

The mill was rebuilt from ordinary to artistic composition

1908

Martin and Josefa hand over the mill to their son Jan. In addition to the payment of his siblings (each for 4000 crowns), the following lifetime right was also part of the handover contract:

For living and using a room in building No. 143 in Nové Hrady, located on the first floor with a kitchen and the necessary ancillary rooms, such as attic, cellar and wood storage. The costs of maintenance and possible reconstructions in the event of natural disasters and repairs are borne by the owner of the house.  As an annual natural exchange of three hundred kilos of wheat flour number I (one), three hundred kilos of rye flour number I (one), twelve liters of peas, fifteen hectoliters potatoes in a sack, six liters of poppy seeds, ten kopecks of eggs, half a hectolitre of apples or, as a substitute, two hectoliters of oats, one hundred kilos of pork, two kilos of fish (carp) for Christmas, twelve cubic meters of firewood, a liter of milked milk per day, 160 fr – 320 crowns per year in cash, payable in monthly installments, all necessary imports, including the introduction of an exception, but these imports do not apply to purchased goods.

May 15, 1915

Jan Zevl enlisted in the Austro-Hungarian army and died on September 3, 1915 in Russia as a result of a gunshot wound to the abdomen. He was also buried here on September 4, 1915. His wife Marie Zevlová also took care of the mill and the yard.

Marie née Maitnerová came from the Moravian village of Šumvald and worked at the chateau in Nové Hrady.

Letter from the war from Jan Zevl

,, Dear Máničko 30/5/1915
On Tuesday 1/6 at 7 o’clock we go to Bruck (note Bruck an der Leitha). Now a severe war begins, all day naked. It’s desperate. Yesterday we were vaccinated on the chest against cholera and typhus. I still remember you. Thunder to punch the war. I got writing last night. Just be careful that no misfortune happens to you. I’d like to see you one more time, kids, mom and you. Don’t come here anymore, it’s nothing to pay. I’ll send the dirty laundry home. I’ll write to you from Bruck right away. Pray I haven’t been to church yet. Arrange everything according to your reason. Be healthy my dear. See you here or forever. Johann greets you “

1919

Purchased two cylindrical stools

1920

The mill produces its own electricity and is also led to a nearby hunting lodge called Stará střelnice (DC voltage 110V)

1930

Jan and Marie Zevl take over the mill. Marie née Ebhart was the daughter of a German innkeeper from Kropšlák.

1945

After the war, Russian soldiers settled in the mill for some time

From the story of Jan Zevl:

“They lived upstairs with Grandma. They took Grandma’s room there. What they didn’t like, they threw away, they stole bed linen. They went fishing with a grenade. At that time, a grenade exploded in a Russian’s hand. He died. The Russians ran to the mill, took my dad and me (my son) and took us to the dam. The Russian lay there bloodied, suddenly wounded and black. A grenade from ammunition fell under the dam, which was shot in a quarry behind Kropík. One grenade flew and fell under the dam and exploded there. The Russians, as they were used to, were immediately on the ground, they also dragged us with them. And then there was peace, there remained a crater 1 meter deep and one meter wide. The Russian soldier is buried in the Castles as a hero. There were about 10 of the Russians who died like this. Grandma hid eggs under a duvet in front of them, but they found them and picked them up. They had a woman with them, she cooked them from our food. “

From the story of Helena Loukotková:

“I remember that my mother and I fled to the forest when the Russians came and took it here. We were scared, but we weren’t in the woods for a long time. I remember throwing things they didn’t need out the window. When the Germans retreated, they left the motorcycle here because it did not ride. It was the great Cindap. (BMW). Dad hid his motorcycle in the barn and covered it with a sheaf. She had a punctured seal under her head. The Russians found her, pulled her out, and wanted to ride it. They couldn’t do it, so their dad fixed the seals, they then started riding it and since they couldn’t do it, they rode it from side to side. Dad told them to come back for sure, but they took the bike, rode it, and didn’t show up. “

1956

Due to the large water, the turbine was torn down and the mill was left without electricity for 10 years. Kerosene was lit again.

1966

Introduction of electric current into the mill

1984

After the death of Marie Zevlová, the mill passed to the descendants of Jan Zevl and Helena Loukotková.

2011

The mill is bought by Helena Loukotková’s son Jan Loukotka and he begins repairs.

2017

After extensive reconstruction, the mill grinds flour again.

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